Continue with the theme, after From the sustainable city to the smart city. Don’t lose perspective, a post in which I probably couldn’t clarify too many things. It’s time to talk about the components of a smart city or, better, the components to which it is being associated. Although here each one establishes different classifications depending on their particular orientation, we basically have two:
- Proposals from the world of energy management, which propose new technological solutions to more efficiently manage the input of materials and resource flows and the output of waste in the urban metabolism. li>
- Proposals from the world of digital technologies, which promote applications, devices and logic typical of the network to propose new ways of managing information in the city and, especially, everything it has to do with the information flows that, evidently, are concentrated in the style of urban life.
Beyond smart energy management
Where does the concern for smart cities come from? Or, better, where does this inflation of his presence come from? I couldn’t say for sure, but I suspect that the emergence of the term has run parallel to that of smart grids, the new generation of smart grids for the management of energy generation and distribution, which will benefit from the application of digital solutions for a more efficient use of the grid and a more integrated and real-time control of energy demands and flows throughout a distributed network of consumption and generation points. More or less. These smart grids are necessarily an urban issue for obvious reasons. And that is where we have the confusion of the part for the whole. Since we have a project to install a smart grid pilot project in the city, the city can be called a smart city.
Once again, it is fantastic to be able to move towards a more distributed energy model, which offers real possibilities of multiplying energy production nodes to put an end to a highly centralized system that prevents the development of other renewable energy sources. Also great if they allow their management to be much more efficient by adjusting production to the different needs of users. And even better if this allows the development within the energy industry of new possibilities for more localized technological and industrial development.
Here I think it remains to be seen what intelligence users put into the network. Because that network will provide electricity to maintain our lifestyle and that of a large part of the world that, now, has jumped on the bandwagon of consumption by the middle classes (China, India, etc.). And the individual and collective use that we make of energy requires a lot of intelligence. The fact that this network is capable of giving me a reading in real time on my latest generation meter of my consumption is not going to necessarily lead me to, let’s say, reduce my energy consumption. And neither will it do anything if the regulator does not allow the possibilities of this network to be used to its full capacity, liberalizing the energy market in its entirety and allowing large and small energy producers to play on an equal footing. Or if, again, the regulator does not act intelligently in the price policy and in the taxation of energy consumption.
Boulder strong>, (Colorado, United States), was one of the first cities to open this road with an implementation project that, three years later, seems stalled. Many others have jumped on the bandwagon (Malta, Stockholm (in development Stockholm Royal Seaport, …) and we even have projects in our environment in Málaga or Bilbao< /a> on the start line.
Beyond digital technologies
The second component comes from the digital sector in a broad sense. Here, compared to the energy component, dominated by an encompassing technology, smart grids, what we have is an amalgamation of designs, theoretical proposals, musings, experimental projects and, in general, many proposals that are difficult to classify because they evolve at their own speed. of these themes and the fascination that they generate due to their attractiveness.
Apart from the fact that smart grids, in reality, rest largely on the possibilities offered today by digital technology, in this section we find applications of sensors aimed at improving traffic flow< /strong> and the management of surface parking in the city through sensors and devices for real-time traffic control; efficient management of public transport; platforms for interaction of data generated by individuals through mobile devices; remote control systems for the capacity status of solid urban waste containers; efficient control systems for logistics activities in the city; citizen tele-assistance mechanisms; systems of information to the public of practical information by the authorities; interventions by augmented reality to amplify certain experiences of urban life; development possibilities of distributed networks of data collection for the control of air quality; and other similar proposals. All of them, too, end up pointing to the smart city.
The smart city discourse linked to digital technologies is based on concepts such as street as platform, city as civic lab,internet of things orconnected city, among others, and at Urban Scale they have written a good post ordering these ideas. Here we will find a mixture of proposals that affect the bottom-up model, that is, that the possibilities currently offered by digital technologies can favor the spread of new forms of urban action (a kind of urbanism 2.0 or emerging urbanism), Compared to other proposals directly promoted by public or private managers of urban services, going through models that explore the possibilities of the hybrid space fruit of the integration of physical spaces and digital spaces. In Next American City we can read an article that tries to redirect the optimism of thinking that the availability of more data and information in real time on the behavior of citizens and the evolution of the flows of the operation of the city will substantially improve the provision of quality public services. Debatable, but the dose of realism is necessary. Construction projects such as PlanIT Valley, Songdo or Masdar attract attention today as the proxies for eco-cities, shifting attention to the “everything connected” as a new solution and utopia for a perfect urban life.
Here my personal impression for now is between the feeling that some proposals are excessively theorizing and with excessively complex terminology to be understood by ordinary mortals -something that, in general, I observe in everything related to the web- and the risk of falling into the totalization of the digital as the new lifeline to achieve everything that the city has not achieved up to now: be more inclusive, more inclusive, more sustainable, more productive, etc. But, obviously, it is an emerging line of research with multiple derivatives and that promises alternatives for the management of urban complexity and for understanding the mechanisms of collective life.
You may also be interested in:
- Where we are, where we are going and how far to trust urban technologies
- Cities of the future and emerging urban services. Some reading
- Technology applied to services and urban functioning
- 75 videos on cities and urban management
- Plans for this blog. Emerging urban services
- The future of cities. Electric car charging systems
- The future of cities. Bike sharing
- The electric vehicle race in cities
- Charging the electric vehicle with clean energy sources
- Urban transformations. Looking for cities that invent the future