According to a study coordinated by Estefanía Caamaño, from the Institute of Solar Energy of the Polytechnic University of Madrid, the massive installation of photovoltaic panels on the roofs of buildings in Vitoria-Gasteiz would produce 28.5% more electricity than is consumed in the city. According to Caamaño, this would not immediately translate into the city It was self-sufficient, since the hours of production do not coincide with the hours of consumption, but a significant surplus is generated (around 70% at the household level) that would have to be managed.

At the neighborhood level, the study concludes that 13 of the 31 neighborhoods in the city could cover their entire consumption with photovoltaic generation.